by Maggie Murray
The Tokyo Tribunal (1946 -1948) found 28 Japanese military officers guilty of committing war crimes. While the Tokyo Tribunal is regarded as having prosecuted the most egregious cases, subsequent trials across the United States and other countries worldwide implicated more than 5,000 Japanese war criminals. However, in 1958, all imprisoned Japanese war criminals were released. Not only were most sentences left uncompleted, but the United States covered up certain atrocities, and those involved never faced trial.
by Angela Xie
Born on November 13, 1896, Kishi Nobusuke was a prominent Japanese political leader from a family with roots in the Meiji Restoration. Growing up in a small town in Japan, Kishi Nobusuke seemed to have little chance to rule Manchuria and Japan when he got older; nobody would connect him with the prime minister of Japan. However, he eventually pursued his dream of becoming a government official who aimed at modernizing Japan. Kishi was easily one of the most controversial characters of the 20th century as he went from a Class A War Criminal after WW2 to prime minister of Japan within ten years.
by Maggie Murray
Ambitious and deeply patriotic, Margaret Chung was the first practicing Asian American female physician. Coming from an impoverished background, Chung succeeded in medical school and started her own practice in the male-dominated field. When the Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931, Chung became deeply invested in the war effort and assumed her role as 'Mom Chung.' and became the surrogate mother for hundreds of U.S. soldiers. Becoming 'Mom Chung' was not a straightforward journey but resulted from unwavering effort and determination.
by Emma Sampson-Green
In the annals of Hollywood history, only a few actors have managed to transcend racial barriers and achieve international fame. One such trailblazer was Anna May Wong, the first Chinese-American actress to impact the big screen during the 20th century significantly. Beyond her remarkable contributions to the entertainment industry, Wong was also a fervent advocate for the China Relief Fund. This charitable endeavor aimed to provide aid and support to China during World War II, using her fame to support this critical humanitarian cause during a tumultuous historical period. In this article, we will delve into the life of Anna May Wong and her remarkable efforts in supporting the China Relief Fund.
by Maggie Murray
Saionji Kimnochi, the last Genro with an everlasting impact on Imperial Japan, was born in Kyoto in 1849. Biologically the son of Tokudajiji Kinzumi, Prince Saionji was adopted into the Saionji family, a relative and childless kuge(公家) family of similar status. A kuge was a Japanese aristocratic class that dominated the Japanese Imperial Court in Kyoto. As a young child, Saionji was appointed Chamberlain and became a Minor General of the Right Imperial Guard. While his official duties were minimal, it was through this position Saionji became acquainted with and the playmate of the future Meiji Emperor, Mutsuhito. 
by Jenna Marcus
Shigenori Togo was Japan’s minister of foreign affairs at both the beginning and end of the Japanese-Allied conflict during World War II. Opposed to war, Togo, in 1941, unsuccessfully tried to arrange face-to-face negotiations between US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Japanese Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe to prevent the outbreak of armed conflict. His efforts, however, were ultimately unsuccessful. Togo resigned in 1942 but was asked to again become foreign minister in 1945. During this time, Togo was a strong advocate for the Japanese surrender, though his efforts again failed.
by Sean Wu
The vast expanse of the world's oceans has always presented unique challenges for naval warfare. Nations have continuously developed advanced weaponry to overcome these challenges and maintain supremacy at sea, including in the underwater domain. Among the weapons produced in World War 2, the Type 93 Torpedo stands out as a formidable piece of naval technology due to its unique features, capabilities, and historical significance. Even though this new technology helped Japan sink many ships, its advantages would also be its downfall after a miracle discovery by the US Navy and scientists.
The Angels of Bataan and Guerrilleras- Contributions of Filipina Women as Healers and Fighters during World War II
by Isaiah Bautista and Victor Jaramillo
When discussing the Philippines’ involvement in World War II, it is essential to recognize the contributions of Filipina women who served as healers and resistance fighters. On December 31, 1941, 25 Filipina and 77 American nurses arrived in Bataan and established hospitals to care for soldiers, civilians, and even Japanese prisoners (Elfried and Norman122). However, when Japanese forces invaded the Philippines, American nurses were ordered to evacuate further south to Corregidor while Filipino nurses stayed in Bataan. Despite these orders, some Filipino nurses followed head nurse Josie Nesbit to Corregidor after witnessing her “steadfast determination” to stay behind with the Filipino nurses (Wieskamp 46).
by Ethan Julian Zamora, Jeric Ruiz, and Justine Avery Arizabal
With Japan's rise to cultural relevance, much of it's war crimes during WW 2 have been greatly overshadowed, leading many people around the globe to forget these atrocities. From anime and manga to Sanrio and Nintendo, the former imperial nation has successfully rebranded itself to appear as a soft power within a sociopolitical lens. As first popularized by American political scientist Joseph Nye, soft power is a diplomatic strategy used "to make people in other countries more receptive to Japan's positions through the dissemination of the [nation's] cultures and values." The Japanese began to employ this strategy in the 1980s to enhance their image, which suffered greatly due to World War II. Anti-Japanese sentiments were common during this time, especially in neighboring Asian countries where movements against the country occurred. There was ultimately a shift in these sentiments that can be seen within today's society once Japan instilled its culture and beliefs through popular culture diplomacy through kawaii culture. While Japan has actively worked to erase its violent history through cultural appeal and attraction, victims of their war crimes have continuously fought to ensure that this history is remembered and the Japanese government is held accountable for their actions.
by Ray Matsumoto
Japan acquired the Southern Manchurian Railway Company (Minami-Manshū Tetsudō kabushiki gaisha, SMRC) following its victory in the Russo-Japanese War. The modern railway system, spanning from Changchun to Lüshun (roughly seven-hundred miles), attracted countless tourists from Japan and the West. The SMRC instantly became Japan's largest company. In its inaugural meeting in November 1905, it had an authorized capital of roughly 200 million yen (Fogel and Itō). The company also quickly became one of Japan's most profitable companies as the SMRC netted 14 million yen in profits by 1912 (Fogel and Itō).