Stamford Raffles' Statue
For most of its history, the island of Singapore was a fairly insignificant part of the Sultanate of Johor, based in neighboring Malaya. Singapore was established because of Stamford Raffles, who oversaw the potential of Singapore as the perfect location for a new port in the pacific. In 1819, he signed an agreement with the Sultan of Johor to establish a trading post in southern Singapore. Then, in 1826, Singapore became part of the Straits Settlements and officially a British colony, which would be the start of Singapore's tradition as a multicultural entrepot. As Raffles believed in Enlightenment ideals and tried to eliminate slavery, Singapore proliferated in both population and economic influence. Therefore, overtimes, Singapore gradually became one of the most important economic trading posts in the world.
Fall of Singapore: