Lesson Plan: The Hukbalahap
Time: 1 hour
In this lesson students will examine the role of class and political parties in the Philippines' resistance against Japan. This lesson plan is structured around the “5 E Method”: Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate and Evaluate. Information on the Hukbalahap can be found at Pacific Atrocities Education or the book Philippines' Resistance: The Last Allied Stronghold in the Pacific.
Students will answer the following questions based on the quote below.
“By peaceful revolutionary unity, without violence we can do it. The poor are being driven by hate and bitterness, they want to eliminate the rich who have been oppressing them. The rich are also prisoners of the system. They will have security, peace of mind and peace in the countryside if they help the poor uplift their lives.” -Luis Taruc
Students will be given background information on the Hukbalahap, including information on Crisanto Evangelista and Luis Taruc.
Students will share what they have learned with their partner.
Students will complete a short write-up considering the role of political parties in the resistance against the Japanese. Students should also consider how class structure affected the makeup of these political parties.
Students will answer the reflective questions.