Japan surrendered on August 15th, 1945. Civilians gathered as they happily listened to the news of surrender. The surrender led to the question of who should rule Hong Kong. Should China nationalize and take on the coveted island into its fold through annexation? Or, would foreign powers resume control of the island? Or, if by chance, Hong Kong could become a sovereign state?
The document of surrender was signed by Japan on 16 September 1945 in Hong Kong. By Unknown - https://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalarchives/7838727486/, No restrictions, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30067487
The Chinese Nationalist government and the U.S. hoped to get the British out of the Pacific and for the U.S. to replace its power in the region. However in 1944, the Chinese Nationalist government lost a number of battles causing Roosevelt to lose faith in the ability of the Nationalist government. After Roosevelt passed away, Truman became president. He thought the U.K. was a more important ally than China, so he did not pursue Roosevelt's previous work.
At the end of the war, the Chinese Nationalist government and the British raced for the ruling of Hong Kong. After hearing of the Japanese surrender, Franklin Gimson, Hong Kong's colonial secretary, left his prison camp and declared himself the territory's acting governor. On August 30th 1945, Hong Kong was handed over by the Imperial Japanese Army to the Royal Navy and British control was restored. August 30th was declared "Liberation Day" (Chinese: 重光紀念日) and was declared a public holiday in Hong Kong until 1997.
Liberation of Hong Kong in 1945. Picture taken at the Cenotaph in Central, Hong Kong. By Unknown - Uploaded by Instantnood at 10:28, 17 Jun 2005 (UTC)., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=189973
The British cruiser HMS Swiftsure, entering Victoria Harbour through North Point on 30 August 1945 By Unknown - from zh wp; (删除该图像的所有修订版本) (当前) 13:15 2005年12月15日; Kevinhksouth (Talk); 591x355 (283098字节), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=680248
Three Years Eight Months The Forgotten Struggle of Hong Kong's WWII
Eight hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese Imperial Army launched an invasion plan for Southeast Asia, including Hong Kong.
Since Hong Kong was a British Colony at the time, soldiers from British colonies including India and Canada fought alongside Chinese guerrilla fighters. However, soldiers defending the city at the time were largely unprepared and Japan claimed its victory within 18 days. During the Christmas of 1941, the governor of Hong Kong, Mark Aitchison Young surrendered Hong Kong and started the 3 years 8 months of the Japanese Imperial Army's occupation of Hong Kong. Civilians were raped and tortured during the occupation. Instead of caring for the citizens' stories and wellbeings at the end of WWII, people cared about who Hong Kong belonged to as England and China raced to reach the city.
The book tells the stories of the Battle for Hong Kong, daily civilian lives, Hong Kong mafia's collaboration with the Japanese Imperial Army, and the POWs camp in Hong Kong during the occupation.