Female Faces of the Philippine Guerrillas
Women, similar to the ethnic minorities who served as guerrillas throughout the war, are less well known for their military services during the war. Women’s history during World War II relates moreso to their participation and aid in relation to their roles in working in military based industries (i.e. Rosie the Riveter) on America’s domestic front or as nurses (in association with the Red Cross) as noted in common American histories of World War II. What makes the Underground Resistance so unique in the Philippines are the numerous accounts of female led insurgencies during the Japanese Occupation. Equal to men in both combat and strategy, these Filipina women broke gender conventions, organized guerrilla units in expansive territories/terrain, and conducted much of the spy and infiltration work to provide stable communication and supply networks in which the Underground Resistance used throughout the war.