The Makeup of United States Army Forces of Northern Luzon (USAFIP-NL)
Comprised of both American and Filipino soldiers and guerrillas. The organized task force was led and commanded by General Russel W. Volckmann. USAFIP-NL served as a military force that numbered more than 8000 infantrymen that hailed from the 11th, 14th, 15th, 66th, and the 121st Infantry Regiments. The Filipino guerrillas under Volckmann’s leadership were made up of various Filipino ethnic minorities from the northern cordilleras/mountain passes and ranges. The northern guerrillas’ knowledge of the mountainous terrain were crucial in helping to eliminate the last stronghold of the Japanese military out of Northern Luzon.